The rule is that drivers can share their free time if one of the pieces lasts at least two hours and the other consists of at least seven consecutive hours spent in the bunk. The two-hour period does not need to be spent in the bunk. Both blocks of time must total at least 10 hours. Consider midnight to 7 a.m. as the first active period for driving without driving on duty (ODND) and driving. You get 1 hour ODND from midnight to 1am. You benefit from 6 hours of driving from 1h to 7h for a total of 7 hours of ODND for the first active period. They do not count the first qualifying break between 7am and 10am on the 2pm window, because it is a qualifying rest period of 3 hours out of service where the «Sable du Sablier» valve is closed. They then continue to count the second active period to drive an ODND from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
It`s 2 hours ODND between 10:00 and 12:00, followed by 5 hours drive between 12:00 and 17:00. for a total of 7 ODND hours for the second active period. The sum of the first active driving time (6) + the sum of the second active driving time (5) = 11 hours of driving. The sum of the first active period for ODND (7) + the sum of the second active period for ODND (7) = 14 hours ODND. The second qualification «long rest period» starts from 17:00 to 00:00. The total rest period is 7 hours in the bunk. The sum of the first eligible «short rest periods» (3 hours of rest) + the sum of the second eligible «long rest period» (7 hours in the berth) = 10 hours of total rest. Therefore, this driver is able to legally use the example under the new HOS Sleeper Berth rules.
The driver is tired and falls asleep for seven hours in the bunk. The 14-hour clock is effectively stopped while the driver sleeps. So when he wakes up at 10 p.m., he still has nine of his 14 hours of service left and can drive up to eight hours during that time. The driver must also complete three hours of rest remaining (including the required 10 hours) before they can begin a new 14-hour service window. Distribution of non-working periods. A driver can take five consecutive hours of rest and later take a seven-hour break in the bunk. In this scenario, the five-hour rest period and seven-hour sleep breaks are eligible and would be eligible for the split bunk determination if combined. They are eligible because they meet the requirements of two minimum hours of rest and seven hours minimum in the sleeping area and total at least ten hours. In 2020, the FMCSA changed this rule with one of the changes related to an order called the Sleeping Place Determination.
Today, 70% of new trucks have berths, according to the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP). Drivers can use these berths to sleep when not behind the wheel so they can return to the road rested. Drivers can share their mandatory 10-hour absence, provided that one rest period (whether inside or outside the sleeping place) lasts at least 2 hours and the other includes at least 7 consecutive hours spent in the bunk. All sleeping place pairings MUST last at least 10 hours. When used together, neither period counts towards the maximum 14-hour driving window. The FMCSA approved all of the proposed changes and published them in the Federal Register on June 1, 2020. The reason the rule change provides more flexibility is that the 14-hour rule can be a big problem for drivers, as the time it takes to get anywhere doesn`t always coincide with the hours of service and driving set out in the rules. Hours of service regulations state that the time drivers spend at loading docks, even when the dock is closed and the driver is waiting to open, counts towards the driver`s 14-hour duty time. The ability to take a shorter leave off to functionally extend the 14-hour window can help align the timing of these logistics. Drivers must take a 30-minute break if they have driven a cumulative 8 hours without at least 30 minutes of interruption. The break may be compensated by a non-driving time of 30 consecutive minutes (i.e. on duty without driving, outside of working hours, sleeping place or a combination of these consecutively).
For commercial vehicles carrying passengers, the new regulation does not change the provisions relating to sleeping places. The HOS Final Rule will come into effect on September 29, 2020 and not before. One important note: hours of service regulations are federal rules, not laws. This means that they are created and regulated by the executive branch (especially the DOT). Adopting the FMCSA sleeping rules can benefit commercial drivers in several ways. The new version of the sleeping place rule gives drivers more options to divide sleeping time. Earlier, the HOS said drivers who choose to split their 10 hours into two parts will have to divide them into a two-hour segment and an eight-hour segment, the latter to be caught in the bunk. Thanks to the split berth rule – and regular fleet safety coaching – they don`t have to rush and can better manage their driving time and improve road safety. Sleeping space regulations now allow drivers to «pause» the 14-hour window while resting. This increased flexibility allows drivers to manage their schedules more efficiently and easily.
Previous rule: May only drive if 8 hours or less have passed since the end of the driver`s last rest or sleep period of at least 30 minutes. What rest periods are possible? Drivers using the shared berth system under the HOS rule may take a rest period or in the berth for at least two consecutive hours in the berth or berth. Keep in mind that the two periods, when paired, must be at least ten hours. The sleeping area regulation is a hours of service rule that dictates how commercial vehicle drivers can use their free time, including how they can divide that time and how breaks relate to other duty and driving time regulations. Option 1: 8 hours in the bunk, 2 hours of rest (in the bunk or otherwise). Option 2: 7 hours in the bunk, 3 hours of rest (in the bunk or otherwise). Commercial vehicle drivers who do not comply with the shared sleeping space regulations are violating the applicable operating hours rules. This article gives an overview of the peculiarities of the sleep place rule and how it works in practice. Roadside checks.
If a driver is stopped for a roadside check after having only completed a rest period eligible for the determination of the shared sleeping space, the highway inspector should not plead guilty to a violation of the applicable hours of service rules. The central tenor of the rules is that drivers must limit their driving time to 11 hours and that driving times (11 or less) must take place within 14 consecutive hours. After these 14 hours, they must have 10 consecutive hours off. Drivers who do not fully understand the rules around shared sleeping places and how the system works tend not to use 8/2 breaks. This is because they do not want to risk breaking the rules of working time. However, the effective use of shared sleeping space rules can make drivers more productive. Second, the FMCSA`s sleeping space regulations allow drivers to suspend the 14-hour rule for at least two hours, whether they take the 7-3 or 8-2 shared break. This allows them to get back on the road and increase their productivity. Part of the current working time rules deals with the time a driver spends in the vehicle. In 2020, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) changed the HOS (hours of service of drivers) rule. One of the changes was the rules on bunks.
Previously, the determination of the divided sleeping place allowed drivers to divide the rest time into an 8/2 split.